WINDEBY 1


Contents:


THE DISCOVERY

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Windeby 1 found in Northern Germany; Windeby



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Head of Windeby 1 with the cloth just below the eyes

Windeby 1 was a preserved body discovered in 1952 in a peat located in Northern Germany. Initially, the body found was deemed a young 14 year old girl thus receiving the name Windeby Girl although upon further investigation Windeby Girl was renamed to Windeby 1.

Windeby 1 was found with no articles of clothing except for a leather collar and a coloured strip of cloth that had been over the eyes. While found naked, Windeby girl was also found underneath several branches and a large stone both of which are presumed to be anchors to keep the body submerged. There are also no signs of a violent death.


























STATE AND TYPE OF PRESERVATION


No known deliberate preservation techniques were applied to the body. Bog had preserved body extremely well due to the lack of oxygen exposure and acidic nature in bogs that discourages micro-organisms that help break down organic matter such as bodies.

Windeby 1, before discovered, lost limbs to the peat cutting machinery. One of the the legs, a foot and a hand were accidentally severed before any study commenced on the body. Windeby 1's brain on the other hand was found in excellent condition for a bog body of it's age. It had retained much of its shape and size.

P. V. Glob described Windeby1's position at time of discovery;

She lay on her back, her head twisted to one side, her left arm outstretched.... The right arm was bent in against the chest, as if defensively, while the legs were lightly drawn up, the left over the right. The head, with its delicate face, and the hands, were preserved best: the chest had completely disintegrated and the ribs were visible.... The hair, reddish from the effects of the bog acids but originally light blond, was of exceptional fineness but had been shaved off with a razor on the left side of the head.

Windeby 1 is now on display in the Landesmuseum in Schleswig, Germany.

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Windeby 1 as seen in the Landesmuseum in Schleswig, Germany.


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Reconstruction of Windeby1

ARCHAEOLOGICAL AND SCIENTIFIC EVIDENCE REGARDING APPEARANCE


Due to the slight build of the body it was believed that Windeby 1 was Windeby Girl. Prof. Heather Gill-Robinson, a Canadian anthropologist and pathologist, used DNA testing to show the body was actually that of a male therefore Windeby Girl was renamed to Windeby 1. The slight build in Windeby 1 could have been caused by illness or malnourishment.

Hair found was of a red tinge due to being preserved in the bog. It is suspected of originally being a light blonde colour.



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EVIDENCE REGARDING THE LIFESTYLE AND TIME PERIOD


Radiocarbon dating reveals Windeby 1's death to be approximately in the 1st century C.E which is middle to late Iron Age.


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WHAT CAN ARCHAEOLOGY AND SCIENCE REVEAL ABOUT THE CAUSE AND MANNER OF DEATH?


The manner of death is most likely to be homicide. This theory is based on the state Windeby 1 was found in.

Windeby I’s cause of death was first suggested that it may have been a punishment for adultery shared with Windeby Man. However, science has disproved the first theory by carbon dating Windeby Man’s death to approximately three centuries prior to Windeby I. In addition to that, Windeby I was first interpreted as a girl, and later on, further investigation proposed that it may be a boy. Another theory of Windeby I’s cause of death may have been a sacrifice, as it was not an unusual practice during their period. Evidence that supports this theory is the blindfold placed over her eyes and no clothing was found nor signs of struggle. This shows that Windeby I may have been a willing sacrifice.

On the other hand, the slight body build in Windeby I indicates that it may have been suffering from an illness or malnourishment which may have influenced the decision to sacrifice him/her.
Windeby 1 was found with no articles of clothing except for a leather collar and a coloured strip of cloth that had been over the eyes. While found naked, Windeby 1 was also found underneath several branches and a large stone both of which are presumed to be anchors to keep the body submerged.

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QUESTIONS AND ACTIVITIES


TRUE OR FALSE?


1. Windeby1 was found in Germany.

2. Windeby1's death approximately 2nd century B.C.E.

3. All of Windeby1's limbs were hacked off as punishment for being an adulteress.

4. Windeby1 was found with only two articles of clothing.

5. Windeby1's body is now on display in the Landesmuseum.


SHORT ANSWER QUESTIONS.


1. Outline ONE theory on Windeby1's death and list the supporting evidence.

2. Do you think Windeby1 is a boy or a girl? Use supporting evidence.


FIND-A-WORD.


Words can be found in a normal or backward direction.
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 RECOMMENDED READING


“Unlocking the Past” Jennifer Lawless, Kate Cameron, Carmel Young.

“The Encyclodpedia of Preserved People”, Natalie Jane Prior.

"Bog Bodies (Time Travelers (Twenty First Century))", Janet Buell.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Main_Page ;)


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Credits


Wikipage put together by Flo Ho and Gab Tindick

Shout outs to 11AH6 who is the best ancient history class and to Miss Ellam. Who coincidentally is a hectic teacher and is always ridiculously merciful when marking work, regardless of whose work it is. She also makes excellent cookies. WE LOVE YOU MISS ELLAM :D <3

Info gathered from the following websites and books:

http://www.science20.com/news_account/windeby_girl_mummys_secret_she_was_a_boy
http://www.archaeology.org/1005/bogbodies/windeby_weerdinge.html
http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2007/09/070908095852.htm
http://www.google.com.au/#q=Prof.+Heather+Gill-Robinson+windeby+girl&hl=en&safe=active&prmd=ivnso&ei=CTcyTqXfA4nkrAfF4Z3ICw&start=10&sa=N&bav=on.2,or.r_gc.r_pw.&fp=5a83b3887983ea7a&biw=1440&bih=679
https://boudica.wikispaces.com/Alison
http://www.archaeology.ws/2007-9-11.htm

“Unlocking the Past” Jennifer Lawless, Kate Cameron, Carmel Young, 1996 (Thomas Nelson) Australia
“Written in bones” Consultant Editor: Paul Bahn, 2002, A Quintet Book, Australia
“The Encyclodpedia of Preserved People”, Natalie Jane Prior, 2002, Australia, Hodder Children’s Books



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